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The constellation was named after Cetus, the sea monster from the Greek myth about Andromeda. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 11.91 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 649.73 light years. It has an apparent magnitude of 11.5. The star has a apparent magnitude of 2.04 but an absolute magnitude of -0.31 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. Tau Ceti is a G8V yellow main sequence star, slightly cooler than our Sun, and with a magnitude of 3.49, it is easily spotted with the naked eye under the belly of the mythical beast, Cetus. The biggest difference is that it may be twice as old as the Sun. The location of Tau Ceti in the night sky. Tau Ceti is one of the nearest stars to our … He and Andromeda were later married. - Star(s): Tau Ceti - Discovered in: c. 1600. The interesting thing about this star is that it has a fairly large exoplanetary solar system with 4/5 planets in orbit round the star. History of Cetus Constellation It has a mass only about 78 percent that of the Sun and is one of the very few stars less massive than the Sun that are nevertheless visible to the naked eye. It has left the main sequence stage of evolution and is on its way to becoming a red giant. Darwin presents a good position to see the constellation when it reaches highest into the sky during January and February inclusive. The Zodiac constellations are based on the Ecliptic. It is believed to be around 6 billion years-old and its name means “wonderful” in Latin. Tau Ceti was the intended destination of Khan Noonien Singh 's Augment followers when they were launched into space aboard the sleeper ship SS Botany Bay in the year 1996. It is a yellow-hued main-sequence star of magnitude 3.5. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Mira (Omicron Ceti) is a binary star that belongs to a class of oscillating variable stars; there are 6,000 to 7,000 of these stars in this group. The Ecliptic is the path that the Earth takes round the Sun. It is the location of the colony that was attacked by the Pfhor in 2794. NGC 1087 is an intermediate spiral galaxy, approximately 80 million light years distant. “[I used] a color spectrum because, conceptually, it references unity and diversity,” said Kristofoletti. The brightest star in the Cetus constellation is Deneb Kaitos its Beta star. 1 Overview 2 History 3 Planets 4 References 5 External Links The system is composed of a solitary G-class star of the same name located at a distance of about 11.91 light-years (3.65 parsecs) Rimward from the Sol System. When Cassiopeia wanted to sacrifice her daughter Andromeda, the hero Perseus was there to save her. The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. The system is surrounded by an Oort cloud. There are 110 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky. Cetus belongs to the Perseus family of constellations, along with Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, and Triangulum. Tau Ceti is a cool class G (G8.5) dwarf with an apparent magnitude of 3.5. Tau Ceti (τ Cet, τ Ceti) is a star in the constellation Cetus that is spectrally similar to Sol, although it has only about 78% of Sol's mass. In many paintings, Andromeda is shown naked tied to a large rock for Cetus to take. One of the planets inhabiting this system is Sea of the Morning Star, Marika Kato's home planet. Perseus stole the eye and would only give it back when they gave him the information that he wanted. It had been put there because Queen Cassiopeia had upset the God Poseidon with her vanity. It is located near another galaxy, NGC 1035, and the two are believed to be physically associated with each other because they have similar redshifts. There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. Tau Ceti is slightly smaller and less luminous than our sun. Any later, it will have disappeared below the horizon. The name "Tau Ceti" is the Bayer designation for this star, established in 1603 as part of German celestial cartographer Johann Bayer's Uranometria star catalogue: it is "number T" in Bayer's sequence of constellation Cetus. It has an apparent magnitude of 10.4. Cetus constellation was known to the Greeks and is associated with the myth of … Needless to say, there weren’t any significant findings. The companion star, Mira B, is a high temperature white dwarf that is accreting mass from the red giant. The classification G refers to the surface temperature of a star, G-type stars have similar surface temperatures to the sun. Tau Ceti is the second closest spectral class G star to the Sun (after Alpha Centauri A), making it a popular story setting or system of origin in science fiction tales. Beta Ceti is an orange giant belonging to the spectral type K0 III. In the night sky Tau Ceti is visible to the naked eye. Tau Ceti (τ Cet / τ Ceti, pronounced /ˌtaʊ ˈsiːtaɪ/) is a star in the constellation Cetus. A yellow-orange dwarf star, it is similar to Sol in mass and spectral type. At a distance of just under 12 light-years from the Sol System, it is a relatively nearby star, and is the closest solitary G-class star. Tau Ceti is a star with an associated star system, approximately 11.8 light years from Sol. Perseus rescued the princess and killed Cetus. We have chosen the planet Avesta in the Tau Ceti System as the destination of choice for humanity. Perseus tamed the mythical winged horse, Pegasus and rode it to the Graeae, three sisters who shared an eye and a tooth between them. At just under 11.9 light years distant from the Sol system, it is a relatively close star.The system is surrounded by an Oort cloud.. Tau Ceti is a star system in the Cetus constellation. Tau Ceti is the most Sun-like of the 30 nearest stars to the Sun. The galaxy’s core is a strong radio source. IN THE CONSTELLATION CETUS NESTLES THE TAU CETI SYSTEM AND HERE IS FOUND THE FUTURE HOME OF HUMANITY - AVESTA. Tau Ceti (τ Cet / τ Ceti, pronounced /ˌtaʊ ˈsiːtaɪ/) is a star in the constellation Cetus.A yellow-orange dwarf star, it is similar to Sol in mass and spectral type. τ Ceti (tau Ceti) τ Ceti is a double main-sequence star in the constellation of Cetus. The constellation name means The Whale. Mythology of the Cetus Constellation. Tau Ceti is a G8V main sequence star based on the spectral type that was recorded in the Hipparcos star catalogue. They are all red giants whose surfaces oscillate in such a way as to cause variations in brightness over periods ranging from 80 to more than 1,000 days. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Cetus Star List page. Cetus was a large mythical sea whale that lived off the coast of Philistia, now present day Ethiopeia. Because of its moderate brightness, τ Ceti should be easily visible from locations with dark skyes, while it can be barely visible, or not visible at all, from skyes affected by light pollution. Only 12 light years from Earth, Tau Ceti is the closest single star similar to the Sun and an all-time favorite in sci-fi stories. The star names approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Axólotl, Baten Kaitos, Diphda, Kaffaljidhma, Menkar, Mira, Mpingo, and Felixvarela. It shows recent starburst activity in the core regions and it is still gas rich. Image: NASA & ESA. The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 6396 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The star will eventually eject its outer layers to form a planetary nebula, leaving a large white dwarf remnant. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.99% of the night sky. Spectral Class: G8 : Luminosity Class: The star was located approximately eleven light years from Sol. It is spiral galaxy, seen edge-on, approximately 52 million light years distant. Méchain originally described the object as a nebula, while Messier and William Herschel described it as a star cluster. Our own galaxy, the Milky Way, is thought to be a similar barred spiral, and the study of galaxies such as NGC 1073 can help astronomers learn more about our celestial home. Tau Ceti has tempted astronomers looking for habitable exoplanets. NASA’s Galaxy Evolution Explorer space telescope has revealed a tail 13 light years in length, trailing after Mira. You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. It is one of the closest galaxies to the Milky Way and a member of the Sculptor Group. Cookies / About Us / Contact Us / Twitter / Facebook, Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations. Eyes are set forward and, like those of humans, are brown, blue or black. Cetus (Pronounciation:Seat-us, Abbrev:Cet, Latin:Ceti) is one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. There are 13 planets, five were discovered on December 19, 2012. Its variability was first documented by the German astronomer David Fabricius in 1596. Fabricius believed it was a nova until he saw the star again in 1609. Cetus was fed humans to keep it from attacking the city. Tau Ceti is only 12 light years from Earth in the constellation of Cetus. Tau Ceti is noted for being the nearest Sun-like star at a distance of 11.9 light-years. NGC 1042 is a spiral galaxy with an apparent magnitude of 14.0. It has a planetary system of at least 5 planets, two of which, Tau Ceti e and Tau Ceti f, could be in the star's habitable zone. In the Andromeda television series, there is an episode called Belly of the Beast where there is a creature known as Cetus. Deneb Kaitos is derived from the Arabic phrase Al Dhanab al Ḳaiṭos al Janūbīyy, which means “the southern tail of Cetus,” and Diphda comes from aḍ-ḍafdaʿ aṯ-ṯānī, which is Arabic for “the second frog.” (The star Fomalhaut in Piscis Austrinus is usually referred to as the first frog.). It had forefeet, huge jaws, and a scaly body like a giant sea serpent. One of the planets inhabiting this system is Sea of the Morning Star, Marika Kato's home planet. It lies in the first quadrant of the southern hemisphere (SQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +70° and -90°. Perseus handed back the eye and left. Teeth resemble those of a galactic human rather than of an Earth bear. And two of those worlds are at the edges of the star’s habitable zone — the region that’s most comfortable for life. There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. Tau Ceti is noted for being the nearest Sun-like star at a distance of 11.9 light-years. Based on the spectral type (G8V) of the star, the star's colour is yellow. It has an apparent magnitude of 2.54. Cetus contains Messier 77 and several famous stars like Beta Ceti, Alpha Ceti, Tau Ceti, and Mira’s renowned variable star named Omicron Ceti. At a distance of just under 12 light-years from the Solar System, it is a relatively nearby star and the closest solitary G-class star. Tau Ceti is a bit smaller, lighter, and cooler than the Sun, but overall, it’s quite similar. It has a diameter of about 115,800 light years. Tau Ceti Tau Ceti, a star in the constellation Cetus, rises by midnight, well to the lower left of the Moon. Tau Ceti does not have a widely-recognized traditional name, and is usually simply referred to as Tau Ceti. The brightest star in Cetus is Diphda and is located about 110.44 light years from the Sun. Cetus contains Messier 77 and several famous stars like Beta Ceti, Alpha Ceti, Tau Ceti, and Mira’s renowned variable star named Omicron Ceti. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong. Tau Ceti is a star in the constellation Cetus that is spectrally similar to the Sun, although it has only about 78% of the Sun's mass. The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for. "Tau Ceti" climbs 103 feet (10 floors) up a parking structure, and the work's position in an inverted corner makes it a multi-dimensional piece that is dizzying when viewed from up close. It has a mass only about 78 percent that of the Sun and is one of the very few stars less massive than the Sun that are nevertheless visible to the naked eye. The primary and secondary are separated by 8.4 … Cetus is the fourth largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 1231 square degrees. Cetus, as depicted in the Urania Mirror cards. Tau Ceti is a star in the constellation Cetus that is spectrally similar to the Sun, although it has only about 78% of the Sun's mass.At a distance of just under 12 light-years from the Solar System, it is a relatively nearby star, and is the closest solitary G-class star. If civilizations inhabit those planets, though, they’re quiet. Some observers find a colour contrast, yellow and blue: 3.5, 7.3; PA 294º, separation 2.8". 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